Changes in labour law
On September 1, the wages of juvenile employees undergoing vocational training in the form of apprenticeship have increased. On September 7 amendments concerning discrimination at work, mobbing, certificates of employment and the statute of limitations for claims under the employment relationship will come into force. As of January 1, 2020, a traineeship bonus will be excluded from the minimum wage category.
Juvenile workers, i.e. those between 15 and 18 years of age, have received a 1 percentage point wage increase as of September 1. The salary will be calculated as a percentage of the average salary in the national economy. The salary will be no less than 5 percent in the first year of study, no less than 6 percent in the second year and no less than 7 percent in the third year of study.
The employer will be able to apply for a refund of the wage increase from the Labor Fund. All he has to do is submit an appropriate application to the Voluntary Labor Corps.
As part of the fight against discrimination at work, changes were introduced on September 7, which recognize as discrimination any unequal treatment of an employee that cannot be justified by objective reasons.
The amendments to the Labor Code allow an employee who has suffered harassment, but has not terminated the employment contract, to seek compensation from the employer in an amount not lower than the minimum wage.
One of the important changes in the labor law will be the exclusion of the seniority allowance from the minimum wage.
The amended labor law has extended the rights related to the use of maternity leave, parental leave, paternity leave and leave under conditions of maternity leave to members of the immediate family other than the child’s mother and father.
An employer who is late with issuing a certificate of employment will be fined from PLN 1,000 to as much as PLN 30,000. The deadlines for correcting the certificate of employment at the request of the employee will be extended from 7 to 14 days. An employee whose employer has not issued a certificate of employment will be able to apply to an employment court to demand that it be issued.
Further changes await employees and employers as of January 1, 2020. It is then that the changes will come into force, excluding seniority allowance from the minimum wage category. This is a favourable change for employees with several years of experience, who until now often received a lower rate of basic remuneration than e.g. a graduate starting his/her career, because the minimum wage includes a length-of-service bonus. The changes will primarily apply to public sector employees and public sector employers who are required by law to pay such an allowance.